Mehrauli Archaeological Park – Main Mehrauli Hoon


Have you ever wondered what the first City of Delhi looked like? How rich is the past of Delhi and who were the people that ruled this place? If you want to find your answers, join  Delhi Walks® for an interesting Heritage Walk in the first city of Delhi – Mehrauli.

 Delve into a realm where mighty empires rose and fell, where love stories were etched in sandstone, and where the echoes of bygone eras still whisper through winding alleyways. Unlock the secrets of Delhi’s primordial crown jewel – Mehrauli, the first city that spawned an epic tapestry of dynasties, intrigues, and architectural marvels. Go back with us to a time when Delhi first saw any urban settlement.

Mehrauli literally derives its name from the word ‘Mehr‘ or the blessing of Allah. However, this city was not established by the first Muslim rulers but by the first ruler of Delhi, Anangpal Tomar. It was later extended by Prithviraj Chauhan and got the name Qila Rai Pithora. It was only under the later rulers that the city got its name Mehrauli. Our Mai Mehrauli Hoo signature experience will transport you to an age when the Tomars and Chauhans ruled supreme, leaving behind a trail of wonders waiting to be rediscovered by the modern wanderer’s eye.

As you stride through the ancient Mehrauli Archaeological Park, prepare to be spellbound by the ethereal tomb of Balban’s son. Behold its weathered cenotaph, once enchanted to release enticing fragrances befitting a fallen sultan’s final resting place. Let your imagination soar as our walk leaders® weave tales of Balban’s dramatic rise and decline, breathing vibrant life into stone facades.

But that’s merely a whisper of the marvels awaiting you. Around the next corner, an architectural gem captures the boundless depths of human affection – the iconic blue-tiled Jamali Kamali tomb and mosque. This breathtaking complex immortalizes the legendary romance between two brave souls, Jamali and Kamali, whose love for one another defied societal norms. As you gaze upon exquisite jali lattices and lotus motifs and unravel the symbolism behind them with our walk leaders® , you’ll be transported into a world where love knows no boundaries and architecture was used to physically manifest this beautiful human emotion.

As our journey unfolds, you’ll encounter an open-air museum of Delhi’s dynastic legacies. From the majestic Lodhi Tombs to the ancient stepwells of Rajon Ki Baoli and Daulat Khan’s mausoleum, remnants of mighty Tomar, Chauhan, and Mughal empires emerge from every crevice. All around, exotic bird calls and lush flora create a verdant paradise lost to the modern concrete jungle.

Be ready to notice the perfect picturesque spot at Rajon ki Baoli. If you are a person fascinated by water bodies, this is the perfect place for you.

But the show stealer  awaits at the exquisite Dilkhusha palace and boat house complex. Once a Mughal nobleman’s final repose, this sandstone marvel was ingeniously transformed into a lavish honeymoon retreat by the English aristocrat Thomas Metcalfe. As you wander amidst shimmering fountains and ornate lattice archways, let our impassioned narrators sweep you into the era when love conquered all boundaries – even death itself. It won’t be an exaggeration to say one is often transferred to a charming English town at Dilkusha.

On this multi-sensory odyssey, you won’t just bear witness to Mehrauli’s captivating history – you’ll become fully immersed within its beating heart and soul. Our  walk leaders® will regale you with priceless anecdotes, ancient legends, and vivid tales that blur the lines between past and present. From the grand visions of Tomar kings to the opulent indulgences of Mughal nobles and cunning colonial reconfigurations, every brick and turret will whisper secrets into your spellbound senses.

When you finally emerge from this transcendent time-warp, the modern Delhi sprawl will feel like a mere afterthought. For you’ll have experienced the true genesis of this great empire – a saga of passion, conquest, and resplendent grandeur that few are privileged to witness firsthand.

Today, Mehrauli is overshadowed by the mighty Qutub Minar. But Mehrauli is one of the most historically rich complexes of Delhi. It is now used by early-morning joggers and students who want to enjoy the newly built cafe in the complex. But, after this experience, you would have seen the time travel that Mehrauli Archaeological Park is.

Indulge your thirst for discovery and ignite your wanderlust! Secure your place on the “Mai Mehrauli Hoo” heritage trail by joining India City Walks® and Delhi Walks®. Let us peel back the velvet curtains of history and whisk you into a world where love, art, and power converge in breathtaking symbiosis. An experience simply unmatched by any “sights and bites” tour, this is your gateway into the primordial soul of Delhi.

Walk with us® to get whisked away into a realm where passion defies mortality, where grandiose visions are etched in stone, and where every crevice holds the promise of rediscovering lost eras. Join us in an odyssey that will forever intertwine your spirit with the magnificent genesis of Delhi’s great saga.

You can reach us on +91 989 969 2790 or email

RED FORT – Qila e Mubarak Heritage Walk


 If you’re familiar with the magnificent Red Fort of Delhi, you know it’s the place where the Prime Ministers of India hoist the national flag to celebrate the country’s independence. It’s the very spot where the first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, stood and delivered his famous “Tryst with Destiny” speech. However, how many of us truly understand the rich history that lies within the walls of this iconic structure?

Walk with us® on an incredible journey to explore the majestic beauty of the Red Fort’s architecture.  Immerse yourself in the captivating tales of its past that will certainly leave you awe-struck and gain a deeper appreciation for the struggles and triumphs that echo within its walls. With India City Walks and Delhi Walks, you’ll embark on an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe of this remarkable UNESCO World Heritage Site.

For centuries, the imposing sandstone walls of Delhi’s magnificent Red Fort have stood witness to the epic saga of royal dynasties, struggles for power, and India’s historic march towards independence. It appears as if it has survived the whims of cruel time. Our walk in this historic structure also known as Qila-e-Mubarak takes place in a chronological order wherein stories of establishment of the Mughal dynasty mark the beginning of the walk. The saga of the last Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar, naturally, marks the end of this experience. Owing to this nature of the walk, one gains deeper insights into how Mughal history unfolded in the Indian subcontinent thus making the experience of history and culture enthusiasts, tourists trying to understand roots of India, and individuals part of the educational ecosystem.

Our tales from the Red Fort signature experience will immerse you in the triumphs, intrigues, and extravagant lifestyles of Shah Jahan’s mighty citadel like no other. One will be amazed to notice the precision of courtly etiquettes practiced in the royal court. If you are someone who spends hours watching period pieces, this is an experience designed especially  for you! Ofcourse, there is drama on one hand and extraordinary beauty of human relationships on the other.

Crossing the imperial moat, you’ll enter through the Delhi Gate – the same regal passage once graced by the emperor himself. Then marvel at the grand Lahore Gate, whose arches have borne witness to colonial subjugation and India’s defiant struggle for freedom.

Within the mighty sandstone ramparts, a dazzling new world awaits. Lose yourself in the buzzing Chatta Chowk bazaars, where vibrant awnings and fragrant delicacies conjure visions of royal opulence. Gaze upwards at the incredibly carved ceilings that once shaded Mughal princes and princesses alike. This pitstop is nothing less than a testament to the vibrancy of Indian markets. From embroidered shawls to Mughal handicrafts, you name it, they have it! Shopkeepers of the market claim to have been here since no less than a century.

From ancient stepping stones emerges a breathtaking panorama of Shah Jahan’s grand creations. Ever thought about the relationship that music shared with the Mughal court? Did you know that it was a love affair that was responsible for the deterioration of this relationship? Detailed answers to these questions will be woven into stories at the regal drum house of the palace- Naubat Khana.

Stand in awe before the vacant throne of the Diwan-i-Aam, envisioning the Peacock masterpiece that once embodied Mughal grandeur. Stories about this structure will certainly give one a sneak-peak into a day in the Mughal court.

The stunning Mumtaz Mahal palace named for the emperor’s cherished wife, the intricately tiled Rang Mahal with its mesmerizing cascade – all unfurl before you in timeless glory.  Glimpse the hammam baths to uncover long-forgotten bathing rituals with our expert storytelling. The structures, carved in white marble, convey flavours of royalty. These structures look no less than a set for a movie in their full glory.

 As you meander through ornate pleasure pavilions and private bedchambers, our passionate walk leaders® will bring tales of royal romance, political machinations, and hard-won freedom struggles alive in the most authentic way possible. From peak political drama to the beauty of human relationships, our heritage walk in Red Fort covers finest stories of portrayal of human emotions.

As you pass through lush, sculpted gardens and opulent palace pavilions, prepare to be regaled with thrilling accounts of some of the strongest women that Indian history has ever seen – the influential Jahanara and the defiant Zebunnisa -dotting the palace structure with their individual assertions of love and desire. Ever wondered about royal suitors  risking everything to indulge in forbidden romances? Our walk leaders® got your back with the finest soul-stirring stories about it!

And just when you thought you’ve experienced it all, prepare to be dazzled! From the exquisite marble domes of Moti Masjid to Sawan-Bhadon’s ornamental ode to nature’s cycles – every turn reveals another magnificent bygone jewel.

The experience will end at the Zafar Mahal which awaits to reveal sagas of pain, suffering, and regrets. How did such a mighty dynasty of Mughals decline? Was it because of internal or external reasons? To know more on similar lines, join our experience in the magnificent Qila-e-Mubarak.

This isn’t just any heritage tour – it’s an all-encompassing sensory odyssey transporting you into the heart of Shah Jahan’s epic rule. So don’t just visit Old Delhi’s crown glory – immerse yourself in its very essence- See Delhi from the Eye of Delhite®!

Be among the select few to experience tales of Qila-e-Mubarak with Delhi Walks® this season. Our limited-batch journeys grant you exclusive access to revel in the fort’s mysteries as few ever can. Walk With Us® into a realm where Mughal opulence still lives and breathes! This experience is no less than a time travel, do not delay!

You can reach us on +91 989 969 2790 or email

Chandni Raat mein Chandni Chowk (Old Delhi Heritage Walk)

From wedding shopping to tourist sight-seeing, one cannot experience Delhi holistically without going to Chandni Chowk once- living history, remnants of royalty, or a heaven for food lovers. Imagine strolling through the famed Chandni Chowk, one of the finest living historical markets in the world constructed during the Mughal era, as the moon’s mystical glow illuminates hidden alleyways and regal facades.

When Shahjahan was constructing his capital Shahjahanabad (Old Delhi), he entrusted Jahanara Begum with the project of building the central market, envisioned to be immortal in history. She conceived the concept of Chandni Chowk or the “Moon-Lit Square,” owing to a canal running through the middle of the market, which would reflect the moonlight, illuminating the entire street. This isn’t just any ordinary walking tour. It’s a chance to experience the mesmerizing transformation of Chandni Chowk after dark, when the bustling markets take on an entirely new persona under the soft moonlight. Your expert Walk Leader® will regale you with fascinating tales that whisk you back through the centuries as you marvel at the silver shops of Dariba Kalan, the “lane of impeccable pearls” and discover tales of power, romance, and wars associated with it.

The Mughal fascination with food extended beyond mere sustenance; it was a reflection of their cultural identity, a symbol of power and sophistication, and a means of cultural exchange and integration. The Mughal culinary legacy continues to influence and shape various regional cuisines in South Asia and beyond. An extension of this legacy lies in the range of food dishes that can be found in Chandni Chowk by the time sun sets. From chaat to Parathas, our walk leader® will have stories to tell that will help you make sense of the past of food items that we often take for granted. With this walk, inhale the intoxicating aromas wafting from the legendary Parathe Wali Gali-a place which has been graced by the presence of famous bollywood stars and pertinent political personalities.
According to Beto, a Japanese traveler, this canal was a lover’s destination at night. Amorous couples who had wished to keep their affairs away from prying eyes had met here in secret and disappeared among the confusing maze of alleyways, shops and houses on either side to elude observers and spies.Discover hidden lovers’ lanes once frequented by amorous couples escaping prying eyes (remember that mughal history is all about stories of love, revenge, betrayal and much more drama!).
“Chandni Raat mein Chandni Chowk ” promises a heritage walk of contrasts. At times, you’ll find yourself in the crowded Kinari Bazaar- a market specialising in the selling of borders or laces for lehengas, and suddenly transported to the realm of quietness in the lane of Naughara (the lane of beautiful nine houses). You’ll experience the hustle and bustle of the spice market, but will also step into the serenity and spirituality around Sish Ganj Gurudwara, a structure significant for its martyrdom, bravery, and courage.

But that’s merely a glimpse of the enchantment awaiting you. Moonlight has the power to transform the landscape of various historical monuments. As the moon casts its magic over majestic Mughal-era havelis and imposing colonial buildings like that of the Town Hall, their stories will captivate you in a whole new light.

From the Khazanchi Haveli’s chronicle of Mughal rise and fall, to the Fatehpuri Mosque’s commanding presence at the end of the iconic street – every monument has a spellbinding tale to share and in their nocturnal glory, these tales become even more soul-stirring. But remember, these tales will translate into moving experiences only when one sees them through the eye of a Delhite. See Delhi from Eye of Delhite® and make every step of the walk count!

A completely different aura surrounded the cultural fabric of Chandni Chowk in the evenings. Mehfils were an important part of the 18th century Mughal culture and were organized by nobles regularly in the evenings. Individual havelis also became a hub for organizing these mehfils.There were also a number of public women, dancing girls and courtesans, who performed in mahfils. With stops like Khazanchi’s Haveli, this experience will take you back to the charms of these mahfils- mannerisms and etiquettes of these mahfils will come to life as stories unfold in historic havelis of Chandni Chowk.As you reach the culmination of Chandni Chowk, a striking contrast awaits at Fatehpuri Mosque. To the right, the legendary Khari Baoli (Spice Market) glows with warm halos of light- naturally, the artificial ones, Yet look overhead, and the domed minarets are awash in the moon’s soft, opalescent white beams. One moment, the monument basks in earthly tones from the fiery bazaars. Next, it’s draped in cool, heavenly moonlight. This juxtaposition perfectly captures the coexistence of spiritual and commercial energies defining Old Delhi’s essence. From dawn’s first bazaar sparks to evening azaan calls echoing through lamp-lit alleys, Chandni Chowk personifies the endless dance between divinity and delicious indulgence.

Experiencing Chandni Chowk in moonlight is similar to tasting bits and pieces of the social life of the 18 th century Delhi. With stories instilling fascination and amuse , and lively contemporary realities, have an experience to cherish for a long amount of time.

Don’t let this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity slip away. Walk with Us® on the “Chandni Raat mein Chandni Chowk Walk” and experience Old Delhi’s crown jewel in a way few ever have. Soak in the richness of culture, savor authentic flavors, and create cherished memories that will forever bind you to the magic of Chandni Chowk by moonlight.

Spots are limited, so secure your place today! Contact us to book this unforgettable immersion into the beating heart of Delhi’s ancient soul.

You can reach us on +91 989 969 2790 or email

Old Fort Walk

‘Jumna’s dark and limpid waters laved Yudhishtir’s palace walls; And to hail him Dharmaraja, monarchs thronged his royal halls.’

The Mughals were a dynasty which had inherited a lot of aesthetics from the Sultanate rule, but also had a lot to give to India. Emperor Babur laid out several gardens and mosques during his short rule. When Humayun had come to power, he founded a modest city called Dinpanah. On the banks of Yamuna, with the remaining stones and bricks from the fort city of Siri, the walls and gateways of the city were laid out. But was it Humayun’s city in actuality?
Sher Shah Suri succeeded Humayun, plundered and razed the settlement, and made a new city over the city called Shergarh. His palace fortress which is now commonly known as Purana Qila, is a complex which consists of a mosque and the tower from which Humayun had fell down. An octagonal fort, it is indeed an important landmark in tracing the history of Delhi.
The Qila-i-Kuhna Mosque was built in 1542 by Sher Shah himself. It offers an interesting glimpse into how mosque architecture in Delhi evolved from the earlier Lodhi period to that of the Mughals. This single aisled mosque contain only one dome left out of three earlier. The exquisite facade of the mosque is decorated with bands of Quranic verses carved in sandstone along with inlay works. The SherMandal, on the other hand is an octagonal, three-storeyed red sand stone building built by Sher Shah again in 1541 as a recreational structure. When Humayun succeeded him in 1555 A.D., he used this place as a library. Here Humayun met his death by accidentally falling down the inconveniently steep stairs in 24th January, 1556. It is said 20th January, the emperor appeared on the roof of his library. Toward evening, he started down the stairs, but on the second step hear the muezzin’s call to prayer and stopped. The steps were slippery, and, the emperor’s foot caught in his robe, causing him to drop his staff and fall upon his head. For the next three days he lay near death, and on the fourth he passed away. He was fifty-one years old and had ruled India twice: the first time from 1530 to 1540 and the second from 1555 until his death on January, 1556. The rubble and dressed stones 20 meter high walls of the fort pierced by three massive gates: the Badā Darwazā, the Talāqi Darwazā (forbidden gate), the Humayun Darwazā or South Gate. All these monumental darwazās are built in 1533-34 under Humayun.
The baoli or step well lies between the Masjid and Sher Mandal. It is an interesting example of medieval water management. The hammām or Persian bath lies to the west of SherMandal, as an important aspect of medieval life, recently unearthed in 1931. Several other monuments also lie around the complex, like Khairul Manazīl, mosque built by Maham Anga in 1561 A.D., Akbar’s foster-mother, and which was later used as a madrasa. It is now stands opposite the Purana Qila, south east to Sher Shah Gate. Though the walls, mehrāb, dome and Qura’nicverses are on the verge of extinction, produces an elegant background of its magnificence.
Believed to be one of the oldest settlements in Delhi having finding a mention in the Mahabharata as Indraprastha built by the Pandavas, Old Fort is in itself a city within a city. Join us and explore as to what makes this area worthy of a visit.

Nizamuddin Dargah Walk: Delhi is still far

The Dargāh of Nizamuddin Auliya is situated in the midst of Nizamuddin bastīt onwards South Delhi. Beside large number of tombs of saints, royal dignitaries and high nobles, there were baolīs, a mosque called ChinikaBurj (tower of tiles) and several medieval structures erected surrounding this holy shrine. Nizamuddin Auliya(1236-1325) died in 1325 A.D., but his original tomb does not exist any longer.It was repaired and decorated by Firoz Shah Tughlaq, but even the repaired building has disappeared. The present structure was built in 1562-88 by Faridun Khan, further repairs and additions to the complex continued by the devotees. The complex consists of a square chamber surrounded by verandahs, with arch openings, while the roof is a dome placed on an octagonal drum. The areas around the tomb are regarded as sacred, as a result large number of persons including royalty, lie buried here. On the death anniversaries of Hazrat Nizamuddin and Amir Khusraw, an ūrs or fair is held here. Amir Khusrau, alas Abul Hasan, was the chief disciple of Shaikh Nizamuddin. He enjoyed the patronage of several rulers and was also a celebrated saint and poet. After his death he also buried here. Bearing inscriptions of several dates, his tomb lies towards the south, probably erected in 1605-06 during the reign of Jahangir by Tahir Muhammad Imaduddin Hasan. The tomb proper is built of marble and is covered with vaulted roof supported on twelve pillars and crowned externally by a pair of guldastās. Jahanara Begum, the elder daughter of emperor Shahjahan died in 1681 A.D. and buried in this pious place. The unroofed enclosure of perforated marble screen to the south containing the grave of Jahanara. But Jahanara’s open-air tomb chamber is unique in that it is the only one in the Dargāh to have the graves of three women- she is buried alongside Jamalunnisa, a Mughal princes and the latter’s daughter. Her tomb has no roof. It was her own wish, and is inscribed in Persian on a marble slab there. “He is the living, the sustaining; let no one cover my grave except with greenery; for this very grass suffices as a tomb cover for the poor; the annihilated faqir lady Jahanara; disciple of the Lords of Chist; Daughter of Shahjahan the warrior; (may God illuminate his proof)”. As it happens, green vines grow on Jahanara’s grave. When Atagha Khan was killed by Adham Khan, his son Mirza Aziz Kokaltash built a small tomb hereand it was completed in 1566-67. The tomb of Muhammad Shah Rangeela(1719-48) also lies within a small enclosure as well as Mirza Jahangir, the elder son of Akbar II (1806-37). The Jama’atKhana or congregation house lies to the west of Nizamuddin’s tomb.The mosque was built in 1325 by Khizr Khan, the son of Alauddin Khalji. The rectangular red sand stone structure is the oldest buildings in this area. On the other hand, the Chausath Khambaor hall of sixty-four pillars marbled structure is built Mirza Aziz Kokaltash, governor under Akbar. He himself buried here.
Wondering who said the words “Delhi is still far” to by Nizamuddin Auliya? Well Join us and be a part of India City Walks and know more about what made this man the most popular and most revered Sufi saint and what is that one thing that draws us to him even in present days.

Mehrauli Archaeological Park

“Cast your eyes upon Jamali with kindness and do not look at his idleness and shortcoming’
Mehrauli Archaeological Park is a unique experience in itself. Once a vibrant city of Prithviraj Chauhan, a thriving capital for the Tomars and the Chauhan dynasties, also the capital of the first muslim rule in India, lies unnoticed towards the south-east of Qutub Complex. The park which is scattered over 100 acres of land, is layered in history, right from the ruined tombs of the first slave dynasty till the British era. It shows that the park was never out of sight of all who came to rule over Delhi. A walk around the park is an adventure in itself, as you will be going back and forth in history.
The Tomb of Balban, commenced by himself is located on the western side. Dating back to about 1280 and erected by Balban himself, it is now a ruined, unattractive edifice but a notable landmark in the evolution of the style. For the first time in India we meet with the true arch produced by means of radiating voussoirs, a fact of more than ordinary significance. Such an innovation was a clear intellectual gain, and it is therefore not what this building is that is important, but what it signifies.
The baolis, especially, Gandhak ki Baolī of Sultan Iltutmish and the Rājon ki Baolī of the Sikandar Lodi, gives a deep insight of the water harvesting techniques. The name Rajon ki Baolī was apparently derived from the use of the step-well (baolī) by masons (raj) for some time. This is a four-storeyed step-well supposedly built in 1506, under Sikandar Lodi. It is consists of three long flights of broad steps leading down to the water surrounded by four-storeyed corridors or dalāns. It was obviously meant to act not just as a source of water, but also as a place of rest for thirsty travellers. This is why, besides the small cells (used as rooms) which line the walls, there is a small and pretty mosque here, decorated with more of the finely incised plasterwork. In addition, there’s a small tomb, in the form of a chhatrī (a domed pavilion) was built possibly by Daulat Khan, in 1506. Another baolīis known as Gandhak ki Baolībecause the water in it smelled of sulphur. It is a rock cut step well, four to five levels deep in the ground.Built in the around 1528-29, the Jamali Kamali mosque and his tomb resembling mosques constructed under the Lodis and is said to be the first example of Mughal architecture in Delhi. Sheikh Jamali is the pen name of Sufi saint Sheikh Fazlullah who started his career under Sikandar Lodi and continued the patronage of Babur and Humayun. Hehimself built this mosque and is composed of red sandstone sparsely, but very delicately, ornamented with white marble and grey quartzite highlights.Then the tomb of Quli Khan, the elder brother of Adham Khan is another architectural land mark of the 17th century. This domed octagonal structures speak effortlessly the grandeur of the Mughal glory. When this stretch of land came under the British and Thomas Metcalfe appointed an agent of the East India Company to act as an intermediary between the Company’s government and the last Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar, between 1535-53, he changed the whole space into a resort. He not only built several new structures and additions but also changed the meaning and characteristics of considerable monuments. His creation of boat-house, Dilkusha(Quli Khan’s tomb), dining room etc., are the best example. Among the additions, the chhatrīs, bridge, gardens and lakes are notable.
With atleast a 100 significant monuments being un-earthed and several still lying buried under ground, join us and know as to what made this area so important that even 1000 years and on this place continues to be inhabited right till today.

Luyten’s Delhi An exquisite piece by a master architect

The eighth or the last city in Delhi was built by the British. On 12 December, 1911, when King George V announced that the center of government would shift from Calcutta, longtime capital of British rule in India, to Delhi. Lord Hardinge (1910-16) chose a site to the south-west of Shahjahānābād, and Edward Luytens and Herbert Baker drew up plans for a magnificent city that took years to complete. The wide, carefully planned streets of New Delhi, the great monuments, and the imposing government buildings spoke eloquently of the imperial impulse to dominate and order. The Imperial complex, consisting of the Viceregal Lodge, the North and South Blocks of the Secretariat, and a Council Chamber which now houses India’s Parliament. To the north and west of the central area which linked this complex with the Memorial Arch, the residential areas were developed for Government staff. The shopping centre of Connaught Place was also built to the north of this access.
The India Gate or All India War Memorial on the Rājpat is a memorial to commemorate the undivided British Indian Army who died in the World War I (1914-21). It was also designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and built between 1917 to 1931 is 42 metre tall bears the names of 13,218 martyrs. The Rashtrapati Bhavan or President House, built in 1919 to 1925 lies towards the western end of Rājpath. Under the British it was designed as the British Viceroy’s residence. Built of red and buff sandstone housed 340 well decorated rooms with durbar hall, Ashoka hall, State dining room and large number of guest suites and the private apartments. The four-storeyed Secretariat house important ministries of Government of India is divided into two blocks- North and South. It is designed by Herbert Baker and accommodate 4,000 rooms. The premises included formal gardens with water fountains, pillars and porticos with vaulted ceilings. The style of architecture is classical, where each block is crowned by an imposing central dome. The Rajpath is a 3.2 km long Avenue which runs from Rashtrapati Bhawan through Vijay Chowk, India Gate through National Stadium. It is one of India’s most prominent displays of power and unity, the Republic Day Parade held each year on 26th January which commemorates the date on which the Constitution of India came into force. It is lined on both sides by huge lawns, canals and rows of trees. The city had two important churches. The Anglican Cathedral was located at a short distance of the north of the Viceregal Lodge and the Secretariat. The Catholic Church, built by Jesuit missionaries, was about 2 km to the north of the Secretariat. Two hospitals and other schools were also located in this area. The principal of segregation by rank was followed in location, size and design of the residential buildings. They are large, single story houses situated amidst extensive lawns. Most of them were demolished during the 1970s and 1980s to be replaced by 4-story structure containing flats. Broad tree-lined streets, diagonal avenues and green roundabouts where the streets and avenues meet in another important feature of New Delhi. It was a green and uncongested city. The greenery helped to reduce the severity of Delhi’s hot summers and cold winters, and also helped to keep pollution of air and water low.
Being the political headquarters of the British and now the Indian govt., Lutyen’s Delhi is a classical and dominant example of British authority in India. Come and go on journey with us into the past to get a glimpse of what was the might and strength of the British empire.

Lodhi Garden Walk A history with a picturesque view

Formerly called as Lady Willingdon Park, which sits right at the heart of the residential area of New Delhi, a familiar spot with most visitors in the city, Lodhi Gardens is now a preferred spot for most morning, evening walks as well as it serves as a good ambience to high profile yoga sessions. Called as a period of Maqbaras, the Sayyids and the Lodhi’s were not much interested in building fort cities. In Delhi itself, more than 50 tombs were constructed under the Lodhi’s, which also translates as Delhi being reduced to the metropolitan for graveyards in this period.
Three types of tombs were constructed during this period, i.e., octagonal (reserved for Sultān), square (preferred by nobles) and pillared pavilion (for saints). Apart from a Mughal bridge, the Āthpula and some small outbuildings, there are five main structures which lie along a south-south-west to north-north-east axis. The tombs of Muhammad Shah Sayyid (d. 1434), Mubarak Sayyid (d. 1444) and Sikandar Lodi (d. 1517) are identical in general. The first two are at present are isolated structures having no enclosure surrounding the tomb. However, the third one is built within a walled enclosure or chahār diwarī with a gateway in the southern side and a mosque in western side. A structural innovation is found in tomb of Sikandar Lodi is double dome that is comprising of two shells, outer shell and inner shell. Before this, an attempt was made in the Shahabuddin Taj Khan ka Gumbad build in 1501. It was to the liking to raise the height in order to give the structure a lofty and more imposing appearance.
Besides that we have several un-named tombs, locally known as Gumbad. These tombs are known by their local names. The Badā Gumbad and Shīsh Gumbad, are a single story structures, but from outside they appeared to be multi storeyed and this is created by means of ornamental niches. Three sides are open and the fourth side are closed for accomadate mehrāb. The positioning of the doors of the grave less Bara Gumbad, probably is an entrance to the adjoining western winged five-arched mosque known as Bāre Gumbad ki Masjid (d. 1500) and the Majlis Khana. Inside the Shīsh Gumbad are seven large cenotaphs and one small one. One can see remnants of its former elegance in the turquoise and cobalt-blue tiles on the facade. There are no inscriptions in these tombs apart from brief Qur’anic verses. Under the Mughals major renovations were taken up and they added several utilitarian structures. Standing from seven centuries, this complex of royal personage is a good example of a combination of the Hindu and Islamic styles of architecture.

If you say Lady Willingdon Park, not many people would recognize the actual name for Lodhi Gardens. But this place is equally steeped in history as it is in nature. With structures dating from the late Sultanate and Mughal era, the place is a perfect blend of Indo-Islamic architecture. Join us as we explore for the perfect mix of history and nature.

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